How To Prepare A Delicious Afia Efere Soup


Afia Efere Soup is a delectable Nigerian dish, primarily enjoyed by the Efik and Ibibio people of the Cross River and Akwa Ibom states in the southeastern region of Nigeria.

This soup is renowned for its rich, flavorful taste and its cultural significance in the region. In this comprehensive article, we will delve into the ingredients, preparation methods, variations, and cultural importance of Afia Efere Soup.



1. Waterleaf: Waterleaf is the primary vegetable used in Afia Efere Soup. It is known for its tender leaves and mild flavor, which complements the overall taste of the soup.

2. Periwinkle: Periwinkle, a small aquatic snail, is a popular ingredient in this soup, providing a unique seafood taste and texture.

3. Palm Oil: Palm oil is the base oil used for cooking Afia Efere Soup. It gives the soup its characteristic reddish-orange color and imparts a rich, nutty flavor.

4. Protein: Traditionally, seafood like fish, crayfish, and prawns are used in Afia Efere Soup. However, some variations include meat, chicken, or goat meat for added variety.

5. Pepper and Spices: Scotch bonnet peppers or habanero peppers are used to add heat to the soup. Other spices, like crayfish and salt are used to enhance the flavor.

6. Periwinkle Shell Ash: In some variations, the ash of burnt periwinkle shells is added to the soup to help thicken it and provide a unique smoky flavor.

7. 400g Fresh Fish (tilapia or catfish) as well as Big Mama Fish Flavour

8. 200g Fresh Prawns and 200g periwinkle

Preparation Method


1. Cleaning and Preparing the Vegetables: 

The waterleaf is thoroughly washed and finely chopped. It’s essential to remove any dirt or sand from the leaves. Periwinkles are cleaned by removing them from their shells and washing them thoroughly.

2. Preparing the Protein: 

If using fish or meat, they are cleaned, seasoned with salt and pepper, and then boiled until tender. The cooking liquid can be saved and used as part of the soup base.

3. Cooking the Soup: 

  • Heat palm oil in a pot until it becomes clear and loses its raw smell.
  • Add finely chopped onions and pepper to the oil and sauté until fragrant.
  • Stir in the protein (fish or meat) and allow it to simmer in the palm oil for a few minutes.
  • Add the waterleaf and periwinkles to the pot, stirring well to combine all the ingredients.
  • Season with spices, crayfish, and salt according to taste.
  • Allow the soup to simmer on low heat until the waterleaf is tender and the flavors have melded together.

4. Thickening with Periwinkle Shell Ash: 

In some variations, periwinkle shell ash can be added at this stage to thicken the soup. It should be added sparingly to avoid making the soup too thick.

Serving Afia Efere Soup

Afia Efere Soup is typically served with a side of fufu, which is a staple food in Nigeria. Fufu can be made from yam, cassava, or plantains and serves as a perfect accompaniment to the soup.

The combination of the soup’s rich, savory flavors and the starchy fufu creates a balanced and satisfying meal.

Health Benefits of Afia Efere Soup


1. Rich in Essential Nutrients

1. Protein: Afia Efere Soup typically includes seafood like fish, prawns, and periwinkle. These sources of protein are essential for tissue repair, muscle growth, and overall body development.

2. Vitamins: The soup’s key ingredient, waterleaf, is a nutritional powerhouse. It’s abundant in vitamins A and C, which are essential for maintaining healthy skin, eyes, and a strong immune system.

3. Minerals: The seafood in the soup provides a healthy dose of minerals like iron, calcium, and zinc. Iron supports red blood cell formation, calcium strengthens bones and teeth, and zinc aids in immune function and wound healing.

4. Fiber: Waterleaf and periwinkle contribute dietary fiber to the soup, promoting healthy digestion and regular bowel movements.

2. Low in Unhealthy Fats

Afia Efere Soup uses palm oil as its base, which contains healthy monounsaturated fats. These fats can help lower bad cholesterol levels, reducing the risk of heart disease when consumed in moderation.

3. Rich in Antioxidants

The vegetables and spices used in Afia Efere Soup, such as waterleaf, pepper, and crayfish, are loaded with antioxidants. Antioxidants help combat harmful free radicals in the body, reducing the risk of chronic diseases like cancer and heart disease.

4. Supports Weight Management

Afia Efere Soup can be a valuable addition to a weight management plan. Its high protein content can help you feel full for longer, reducing your overall calorie intake. Additionally, the fiber content aids in controlling appetite and preventing overeating.

5. Boosts Immunity

The combination of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants in Afia Efere Soup helps strengthen the immune system. A robust immune system is crucial for defending against infections and illnesses.

6. Promotes Healthy Skin and Hair

The vitamins and minerals in this Soup, particularly vitamin A and zinc, contribute to healthy skin and hair. Vitamin A supports skin cell turnover, while zinc is essential for hair growth and repair.

7. Aids in Bone Health

The presence of calcium in seafood and vegetables within Afia Efere Soup is beneficial for maintaining strong bones and preventing conditions like osteoporosis.

8. Enhances Brain Function

Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fish, are known for their cognitive benefits. They support brain health, improve memory, and may help reduce the risk of cognitive decline with age.

Cultural Significance

Afia Efere Soup is not only a delicious dish but also holds cultural importance in the Efik and Ibibio communities. It is often served at special occasions such as weddings, festivals, and other celebrations.

The act of preparing and sharing this soup brings families and communities together, reinforcing bonds and traditions.

In conclusion, Afia Efere Soup is a delightful Nigerian delicacy that showcases the rich culinary heritage of the Efik and Ibibio people. Its combination of fresh vegetables, seafood, and palm oil creates a unique and memorable flavor profile. 

Whether enjoyed at a festive gathering or as a comforting family meal, Afia Efere Soup continues to be a beloved dish that embodies the essence of Nigerian cuisine.